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Author Guidelines


Submissions should conform to the aims and scope of the journal.
All papers submissions should be made using journal website All correspondence, including notification of the Editor’s decision and requests for revision, takes place electronically through the journal system.
Papers must be written in English (U.S.) and must be original. Papers which meet the aims and scope of the journal will be subject to blind review. To allow for this blinded review, authors are required to provide files that are free from author-identifying information. You will be asked to enter your contact details during the online submission process and present them in a title page that is not shared with reviewers.


The title must be concise and informative. Titles are often used in information-retrieval systems. Avoid abbreviations and formulae where possible.

Author names and affiliations
Present the authors' affiliation (where the actual work was done). Also provide the e-mail address of each author.

Corresponding author (within submission process)
Clearly indicate who will handle correspondence at all stages of refereeing and publication, also post-publication. Contact details must be kept up to date by the corresponding author.

A concise and factual abstract with the length between 150 and 200 words is required. The abstract should state briefly the purpose of the research, the principal results and major conclusions. An abstract is often presented separately from the article, so it must be able to stand alone. For this reason, References should be avoided, but if essential, then cite the author(s) and year(s). Also, non-standard or uncommon abbreviations should be avoided, but if essential they must be defined at their first mention in the abstract itself.

Keywords (five to seven) are also required. There is no point repeating words that are in the title. Please be sparing with abbreviations: only abbreviations firmly established in the field may be eligible. These keywords will be used for indexing purposes. Use semicolon between them.

Classification Codes
Also JEL (Journal of Economic Literature) classification code is required. Find this classification at

See the Journal template.

Footnotes are kept to a minimum and be numbered consecutively. Styles for within text citation and final references can be found in Journal Template.

The paper must be in MS Word format, Size B5 (JIS), Margins: Top 2 cm, Bottom 2 cm, Right/Left 3 cm, Font: Times New Roman. Find all this within the file Journal Template.


Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  1. The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  2. The submission file is in Microsoft Word document file format.
  3. The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines, which is found in About the Journal.

Copyright Notice

Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:

  • Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
  • Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
  • Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).


Privacy Statement

The names and email addresses entered in this journal site will be used exclusively for the stated purposes of this journal and will not be made available for any other purpose or to any other party.
Authors and readers agree that the publisher of the journal may send them materials related to the subject of the journal from time-to-time.


ISSN: 2344-1321 (online)
Faculty of Economic Sciences, Vasile Alecsandri University of Bacau
Strada Spiru Haret nr. 8, Bacau, 600114, Romania